Japan Fig Farm and Harvest. Giant Fig Cultivation Technology

Figs in Japan are usually peeled and eaten raw, but they are also popular in their dried form or are processed into jams. Figs are in season during late summer and early fall. Figs made their way to Japan from the Mediterranean in the early 1600s via China, when the fruit was also known as “foreigner’s kaki”. The vast majority of figs in Japan are of the Masui Dauphine variety, which is a relatively large type of fig and is named after Mr. Masui who cultivated the fruit in the early 1900s.

Sun-ripened, freshly picked figs are such a treat—and Texas Blue Giant Fig is a winner in the South. The trees produce huge fruits with attractive purple skin and a delicious, melting amber flesh. When allowed to ripen on the tree, the mild-flavored fruits are very sweet. Texas Blue Giant thrives in Texas and in other hot areas. In cooler climates, the easy-to-grow, small tree can also be grown in large containers and brought indoors during the cooler months. Ripens in August through October, depending on where it is grown. Self-fruitful. Zones 8-10.

Fig Pruning Techniques
There are two primary methods of pruning: thinning and heading.
When you cut back a stem without removing the whole stem, that’s a heading cut. This creates local stimulation of growth, which means new shoots growing below the cut. Heading won’t increase how much a plant grows in a season overall, but it will lead to more growth where the pruning occurred. This is useful when you want more branching to fill in an area, or in the case of figs, if you want to stimulate growth to increase your crop yield. Auxin, a plant hormone found at the tip of stems, suppresses new growth from the buds further down. When you make a heading cut, it frees up that hormone and allows more growth down the stem. A thinning cut removes a stem all the way back to its origin. This will not stimulate any growth. Thinning is useful when you want to allow more light and air into a plant. The stems left behind may produce a breba crop.
Either way, the best time to prune fig trees is when they are dormant. If you move your fig trees each fall, pruning them first makes the task much easier. But you can prune a fig tree any time before its growth begins in spring.The more severely a fig tree is pruned, the later the fruit will ripen. Lee finds that leaving behind 2 or 3 feet of old stem is sufficient to get a good main crop. Depending on how cold your region gets in winter, your figs may die back to the ground. The following spring and summer the surviving roots will produce many feet of stem growth, but the fruit may not have time to ripen.
You can also prune the roots to keep a plant in a manageable-sized container. Lee uses a Sawzall with a metal blade and cuts off an inch and a half all around the root ball. Then he re-pots it with fresh soil.

Japan Fig Farm and Harvest – Giant Fig Cultivation Technology. Figs in Japan are usually peeled and eaten raw, but they are also popular in their dried form …
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Video resource: Noal Farms